VIm notes

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  • apply a script file of ex commands ex_command to a given file my_file
    • on the command line:
user@host:~$ vim -S ex_command my_file
  • inside VIm, in ex mode:
:source! ex_command
  • sort lines 1 to 30 using external command
  • usefull commands (in command mode)
gt  will go to the next tab
gT  will go to the previous tab
  • save the file with root privileges using sudo
:w !sudo tee %
  • interesting options
Description enable disable enable (short form) disable (short form)
auto-indentation  :set autoindent  :set noautoindent  :set ai  :set noai
case-unsensitivity  :set ignorecase  :set noignorecase  :set ic  :set noic
line number display  :set number  :set nonumber  :set nu  :set nonu
  • spell cheking
  • to enable:
:set spell spelllang=en_us   # enable US english spell checking
:set spell spelllang=fr      # enable french spell checking
:setlocal spell spelllang=fr # enable french spell checking for the current view
  • to disable:
:set nospell
  • dictionary files
Dictionnaries can be found at
New dictionnaries (*.spl and *.sug files) must be copied inside ~/.vim/spell
  • to get propositions about a misspelled word hit z=
  • folding commands
    • zfnj creates a fold from the cursor down n lines.
    • zo opens a fold on the cursor.
    • zj moves the cursor to the next fold.
    • zk moves the cursor to the previous fold.
    • zd deletes the fold at the cursor.
    • zE deletes all folds in the document.
    • zM closes all open folds.
    • zR opens all folds.